Health and Fitness

Tooth decay

Tooth decay

Dental decay is an ailment that is closely linked to the food we consume and drink. This is by far the most frequent chronic illness however, it is almost entirely prevented.
The most recent research indicates that 1 out of 3 adults older than 15 years old has tooth decay that is untreated. At the age of 5 1 in 3 children between 5 and 6 years old has already experienced tooth decay on a newborn tooth. This increases one in two in the case of Aboriginal and Torres

How do you prevent 

There are a few conditions before tooth decay can occur. All must be present and interact.

Many millions of bacteria reside in the mouth. There are specific kinds of mouth bacteria recognized for causing tooth decay. The most well-known bacteria responsible for tooth decay is known as Streptococcus Mutants. The bacteria that cause tooth decay use sugars in foods and drinks we consume for energy sources to produce acid.

The acid produced by bacteria scavenges the tooth’s surface. The minerals within the enamel of teeth break down. This is called demineralization. The removal of minerals from the surface of the teeth causes the tooth to become weaker. This occurs every when we eat or drink drinks that contain sugar as an ingredient.

If acid attacks happen frequently and not enough protection is offered to the teeth, eventually this could lead to the formation of teeth decay. Factors like fluoride and saliva can help safeguard teeth by neutralizing the acid and replenishing the minerals on the tooth’s surface. This process is known as Remineralization.

The process of developing can be viewed as to be a balancing act. When the detrimental factors exceed the factors that protect and tooth decay may be a possibility.

Balance is the key to success.

Certain factors increase the chance of occurring and also factors that shield the teeth in order to prevent it from occurring. If the negative factors exceed the factors that protect and tooth decay starts to develop.

Certain factors increase the likelihood of tooth decay
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Sugars are hidden in food and beverages
  • Frequent snacking
  • A diet laden with sweet foods
  • Decay-causing mouth bacteria
  • The reduction in saliva
Factors that help reduce the risk of tooth decay
  • Regularly brushing
  • Cleaning between teeth, e.g. flossing
  • Saliva
  • Diet
  • Fluoride

How can tooth decay be prevented?

Following the four steps suggested by the Dental Association will help you safeguard and take care of the dental health of your teeth as well as your gums.

  • Make sure you brush twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
  • Keep your teeth clean daily by using floss or interdental toothbrushes.
  • Make sure you eat a balanced and healthy diet that is free of added sugar.
  • Make sure to visit the dentist regularly.

By following these four steps, you can go a long way to stopping it from occurring.

Fluoride is a crucial element in the treatment. It is recommended to use fluoride toothpaste you brush your teeth. After you have finished brushing, flush out the toothpaste that has accumulated, however, do not rinse it off with water. By not washing, the toothpaste’s layer stays on the top surface of your teeth, thereby protecting them for a longer period of time.

Water from the tap is healthy to drink, as is the case in 89 percent of communities, the water supply is fluoride-enriched to a sufficient amount to safeguard and strengthen teeth.

How does diet influence?

Certain beverages and foods can increase the chance of developing. Sweets such as biscuits, cakes, and lollies that are loaded with sugar are widely known foods that can increase the likelihood to develop tooth decay. But, many of the foods that are viewed as healthy could have more sugar than we think. Be aware of sugars in food items like breakfast cereals bread, bread, and ready-made sauces. There is more than only brown or white sugar that’s of concern There are many forms of sugar that contribute to tooth decay such as syrups and honey. Drinks with sugary ingredients like soft drinks as well as cordial, energy drinks, and juices from the fruit also contribute to the likelihood of tooth decay.

Constantly eating these food items or drinking a lot of sweet drinks can cause the most harm to teeth. The reason for this is that the teeth are exposed to sugar regularly and often, and teeth don’t have the time to recuperate after every exposure.

Fruit contains natural sugar. It is much less likely to cause teeth decay than sugar added to drinks and food items. The fresh fruit option is a better dental-friendly option as opposed to dried fruit or juice. Dairy products that do not contain added sugar can also be healthy alternatives. Cheese is a good source of calcium and phosphorus, as well as the protein casein that helps protect teeth.

How can be treated?

If tooth decay begins to develop and it is necessary to treat it, you may need the use of a filling that will replace the damaged area that is damaged. In this procedure, tooth decay is removed from the tooth, and the filling material is put within the cavity. If the decay process has been stopped, you might not require a filling but there may be a brown or white mark that might remain on the surface of your tooth. This could be a mark from the beginning phases of tooth decay. This is the reason it is vital to visit your dentist on a regular basis.


Tooth decay is one of the most prevalent chronic illnesses, and is mostly prevented. Diet is the main cause of dental decay with foods high in sugar or drinks giving the biggest risk cause. If you’re suffering from symptoms of tooth decay or want to know more about the way your diet is impacting your teeth, you can use our find a dentist tool to locate a dentist in your area.

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