The Privacy Act of 1974 is often cited as the cornerstone of the many U.S. regulations that protect individuals’ privacy and personal information online. The purpose of the Privacy Act is to regulate how the executive arm of the United States government handles the private information of its citizens. Since the advent of the Internet, new privacy rules have had to be passed. In order to ensure the safety of online interactions and data transmissions.
Here are some of the laws that are now in effect to give you a better sense of your rights as a buyer or seller:
The Electronic Communication Privacy Act (ECPA)
While a lot has happened in the world of technology. Since the Electronic Communications Privacy Statute was introduced in 1986. The act itself has stayed mostly unchanged. By issuing a subpoena, the U.S. government can now access your electronic communications, including emails, social media postings, and data stored in the cloud. If the products are 180 days old or more, a warranty is not necessary. Information is provided to the government by private companies. For example, Google said that the government issued 18,000 requests for information in the second half of 2012.
When the government can acquire GPS data collected from smartphones is also specified by the ECPA.
Combat Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA)
According to the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act. It is illegal to gain access to confidential data with the intent to disclose it. This law was first enacted in the late 1980s and updated around the turn of the century. Checkout https://firstworldneeds.com/ combat fraud and abuse act. The statute is overly restrictive, argue reformers.
Cyber Intelligence Sharing And Protection Act (CISPA)
This act’s enabling legislation was first proposed in 2011. It was initially submitted in 2013, when the House of Representatives approved it. But the Senate did not; it was reintroduced in 2015. This law is a revision to the National Security Act of 1947, which does not address computer crimes.
Simply put, this law addresses how the federal government can be informed about potential cyber risks. The Electronic Frontier Foundation and other privacy advocates have voiced. Concerns about “inadequate privacy protections”. In light of the act’s too broad definitions of “cyberthreats”. It’s likely to be a contentious issue in the House of Representatives for some time.
The Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act of 1998 (COPPA)
As of 2013, new provisions of the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act were in effect, which had been revised in 2012. Websites that gather data from children under the age of 13 are obligated to follow FTC guidelines (FTC). The legislation was the “first U.S. privacy law created for the Internet” when it was approved in 2000. The FTC examines a website’s language, content, advertising, visuals and features. Target demographic to decide if it is suitable for minors.
The rule applies equally to sites of a more general interest that gather information from minors. Regardless of whether the site’s proprietors intend to do so. For instance, if a website operator requests contact information (such as name and email address) from site users. And gathers additional personal data about them using cookie technology. The operator may end up with information on children under the age of 13.
People who advocate for “Internet freedom” often bring up these and other data/Internet security legislation as hot subjects. In addition, international treaties like the Trans-Pacific Partnership regulate the free flow of data between countries (TPP). Peru, Chile, and the United States are only three of the nine Pacific Rim nations who are party to this accord. Although the U.S. Trade Office sees many positives in the deal. especially in terms of trade agreements. Critics are worried about the impact it will have on digital copyrights in both the United States and overseas.
Anyone with even a passing interest in online shopping. Any company that collects personally identifiable information from its customers. Or the Internet in general would do well to educate themselves on data security rules.