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Process of Watercress Cultivation – Know How to Grow Watercress

The botanical name of Watercress is Nasturtium officinale; also, it is known for its super delicious, provocatively spicy taste and pleasant crunch. These leaves are believed to be one of the oldest known leafy vegetables consumed by humans for centuries. It belongs to the genus “Nasturtium”. However, it is related to the common flowering plant nasturtium, which has the genus “Tropaeolum”. Yet, it will not be unfair to call the hyacinth an earlier spring bird because its cultivation prefers cool temperatures.

Practices of Watercress Cultivation 

When you start watercress cultivation, pick the equipment made according to the respective farming, which is most important. However, for watercress cultivation, you should be aware and careful about the equipment involved in agriculture. However, you should be aware of and cautious while using agricultural equipment when growing watercress. Also, you can check all the tractor price online. So let’s look at the process of watercress farming with complete specifications.

Although it can be grown as an annual, watercress is a perennial plant. It thrives wild in clear streams flowing through limestone formations in various parts of the United States. The watercress plant thrives well in cool water and sunlight. 

Traditionally, watercress cultivation was almost exclusively field-level production in flooded beds. However, with the latest techniques, hydroponic farming has emerged as a modern greenhouse production method. Mainly, the cultivation of hyacinth can be of the following two types:

An area in which a stream flows is the primary requirement to come into production for large-scale hyacinth farming. First, you must dig the channels from end to end of the stream, either vertically or parallel to the water flow. If possible, channels should be oriented north and south, connected in a “zig-zag” manner on a steep slope to allow water to flow. More complex systems include wooden or concrete dikes, sidewalks, and beds.

Cultivation of Garden Scale 

You can make similar circumstances in the case of a garden planting by tunnelling 6-inch channels, lining with 4-6 polyethylene and filling 2 inches of compost soil. However, most growers avoid hyacinth cultivation due to its aquatic nature.

Climatic Requirement of Watercress Cultivation

  • It would be best to select a sunny site before planting.
  • Treat the soil with 4-6 inches of compost organic matter to a depth of 6-8 inches.
  • The seeds are minute, so they must be broadcast lightly on the prepared site. Seeding rates vary but average about 1 pound per 6,300 sq ft.
  • You must release the water into the beds as the shoots develop, but not enough to cover them.
  • The seeds range from 2 to 3 inches large enough to transplant.
  • Farmers can normally plant the seedlings and cuttings about 6 inches apart each way.
  • Keeping the region moist but not covered with water is the main thing to be followed.
  • This plant germinates best in cooling conditions but not so cold.
  • Keeping the planting area moist but not covered with water would be best.
  • Seedlings will begin to appear in about five to eight days.

Along with the process of watercress farming, you should also consider the equipment that will help to boost the yield. Cultivators, Tillers and tractors are crucial factors in watercress farming. You can choose the mini tractor for your orchard because it is budget-friendly.  

Few Directions for Storage and Handling 

  • You will require to pre-cool the produce after harvesting. You can achieve this by hydro-cooling or vacuum cooling.
  • It would help if you stored it at 32 degrees Fahrenheit with high humidity. 
  • It is suggested to bundle and pack with flake ice in alternating layers.
  • Top watercress stored well at 32 degrees Fahrenheit in wax cartons with ice for 2 to 3 weeks.
  • Similar storage life is possible by using perforated polyethene crate liners and package icing to reduce sagging. However, the bare clumps of hyacinth are very delicate, even at 32°F, and can only be kept for 3 or 4 days.
  • On average, a weight loss of about 15% will result in only a few scarring, and a 40% weight loss will result in moderate withering.

For additional info concerning watercress cultivation in India, stay tuned with us. 

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